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The genocide of the Mongolian people during China’s Cultural Revolution was a crime against humanity that has remained largely hidden from the view of history. Less than reliable Chinese government estimates suggest that 346,000 people were labeled members of an “anti-party treasonous clique” i.e., the SMPRP, a “political party of national separatism.” At least 27,900 Mongolians were killed, according to these highly conservative statistics.

Other estimates of the number of people killed range from 50,000 to as many as 100,000. Some believe that the number of people who were tortured exceeds 120,000. Even conservative statistics from the Chinese government suggest that at least one member of every Mongolian household was arrested. In some cases, entire families were slaughtered.

This massive campaign of genocide against Mongolian people in China was carried out by the Chinese government and the Chinese people, who comprised 94 percent of China’s total population at the time. The total population of the SMAR in the 1960s was thirteen million, of whom fewer than 1.5 million were Mongolians.

Genocide on the Mongolian Steppe documents the atrocities committed against the Southern Mongolians by the Chinese in a massive campaign of genocide throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s. The two-volume book is the first and only work published outside of China written from the perspective of the victims and survivors themselves.